What Is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a disease affecting the cartilage that connects two bones. It occurs when the top layer of cartilage deteriorates and the bones rub together, causing inflammation, joint stiffness, pain, limits to strength and mobility, and often, joint deformities.
It occurs when the top layer of cartilage deteriorates and the bones rub together, causing inflammation, joint stiffness, pain, limits to strength and mobility, and often, joint deformitiesSpurs can sometimes develop at the edges of the bone and small pieces of bone and cartilage can break off into the joint space, which increases pain and speeds up the rate of deterioration. The causes and risk factors of osteoarthritis (“arthritis”) are many and the condition often becomes worse over time.
Common causes include:
- Being overweight
- Old age
- Being female
- Joint injury
- Joints that are not properly formed
- A genetic defect in joint cartilage
- Stresses on joints caused by certain jobs and playing sports
1. Thumb Bend
With the hand straight and fingers outstretched, bend your thumb in the direction of the palm of your hand and stretch as far as you can, reaching for the pinky. Hold for several seconds, then release. Repeat 10 times.
2. Make a Fist
This exercise is very effective when your hand joints are especially stiff. Spread out your fingers and slowly make a fist, keeping your thumb over your fingers. Relax your hand and open it slowly until your fingers are straight. Repeat 10 times.
3. Finger Lift
Place your hand flat on a table with the palm down. One at a time, raise each finger off the table and hold for a few seconds, then slowly release. Repeat as many times as is comfortable.
4. Make an “O”
Hold your hand at heart-height in front of your chest. Bring your fingers together to make an “O”. Your thumb and index finger should touch and there should be a visible circle of space inside your hand. Hold the position for several seconds and release. Repeat at least 3 times.
5. Finger Bends
Begin with your hand straight. Bend your thumb toward the palm of your hand and hold for several seconds. Release to its original position, then bend your index finger toward your palm, hold for several seconds, and release. Repeat with each finger.
6. Wrist Stretch
Your fingers and hand are connected to the rest of your body through your wrist. By stretching the wrist, you get a fuller range of motion than just the fingers and hands alone. Extend your arm with the palm of your hand pointed downward. Placing the fingers of your other hand on those being stretched, gently push upwards and pull back, flexing the wrist. Hold for several seconds. Release and repeat 10 times.
You may also stretch the wrist in the other direction: place your opposite hand on the top of the hand being stretched. Gently push to bend the hand down. Hold for several seconds and release. Alternate stretches pointing up, then pointing down.
7. Table Bend
Place your hand on a table with the pinky-side edge hand touching it. Bring your thumb up and your fingers in to make a “thumbs up” sign, pressing your fingers into your palm. Hold for a few seconds and straighten your fingers. Repeat 10 times.
8. Fan and Fist
Begin with your hand in a neutral position with fingers straight. Slowly spread and stretch your fingers as far as is comfortable to form a fan. Hold for a few seconds, then contract your fingers to form a gentle fist. Hold for 5 seconds and release. Repeat twice a day.
HAPPY PINNING :)